The role of the paramedic in identifying modern slavery

Modern slavery is the recruitment or harbouring of people through the use of force and coercion for exploitation. Paramedics have significant potential and unique opportunities regarding the detection, prevention and combating of modern slavery. To analyse the literature relating to modern slavery and synthesise it for paramedic practice. Following a structured literature review, a comparative analysis was undertaken of articles concerning the relationships between modern slavery and healthcare. Five major themes were identified: barriers to healthcare access; causes of missing the indicators of trafficking; clinician knowledge; the need for training and education; and trauma-informed practices. Paramedics are in an optimal position to identify and intervene in cases of modern slavery. The introduction of survivor-centred education is recommended to better understand the barriers to healthcare access.